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Article|20 Nov 2023|OPEN
Two transcription factors, AcREM14 and AcC3H1, enhance the resistance of kiwifruit Actinidiachinensis var. chinensis to Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae 
Chao Zhao1 ,† , Wei Liu1 ,† , Yali Zhang1 , Yuanzhe Li1 , Chao Ma1 , Runze Tian1 , Rui Li1 , Mingjun Li2 , and Lili Huang,1 ,
1State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Xianyang 712100, China
2State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid Areas, College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
*Corresponding author. E-mail:,
Both authors contributed equally to the study.

Horticulture Research 11,
Article number: uhad242 (2024)
Views: 22

Received: 18 May 2023
Accepted: 12 Nov 2023
Published online: 20 Nov 2023


Kiwifruit bacterial canker is a global disease caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), which poses a major threat to kiwifruit production worldwide. Despite the economic importance of Actinidia chinensis var. chinensis, only a few resistant varieties have been identified to date. In this study, we screened 44 kiwifruit F1 hybrid lines derived from a cross between two A. chinensis var. chinensis lines and identified two offspring with distinct resistance to Psa: resistant offspring RH12 and susceptible offspring SH14. To identify traits associated with resistance, we performed a comparative transcriptomic analysis of these two lines. We identified several highly differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with flavonoid synthesis, pathogen interactions, and hormone signaling pathways, which play essential roles in disease resistance. Additionally, using weighted gene co-expression network analysis, we identified six core transcription factors. Moreover, qRT–PCR results demonstrated the high expression of AcC3H1 and AcREM14 in Psa-induced highly resistant hybrid lines. Ultimately, Overexpression of AcC3H1 and AcREM14 in kiwifruit enhanced disease resistance, and this was associated with upregulation of enzymatic activity and gene expression in the salicylic acid (SA) signaling pathway. Our study elucidates a molecular mechanism underlying disease resistance in kiwifruit and contributes to the advancement of research on kiwifruit breeding.