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Article|27 Nov 2023|OPEN
A putative E3 ubiquitin ligase substrate receptor degrades transcription factor SmNAC to enhance bacterial wilt resistance in eggplant
Shuangshuang Yan1 ,† , Yixi Wang1 ,† , Bingwei Yu1 , Yuwei Gan1 , Jianjun Lei1 , Changming Chen1 , Zhangsheng Zhu1 , Zhengkun Qiu1 , and Bihao Cao,1 ,
1Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/Guangdong Vegetable Engineering and Technology Research Center, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Postharvest Science of Fruits and Vegetables, College of Horticulture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
*Corresponding author. E-mail:,
Both authors contributed equally to the study.

Horticulture Research 11,
Article number: uhad246 (2024)
Views: 21

Received: 28 Jul 2023
Accepted: 12 Nov 2023
Published online: 27 Nov 2023


Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is a severe soil-borne disease globally, limiting the production in Solanaceae plants. SmNAC negatively regulated eggplant resistance to Bacterial wilt (BW) though restraining salicylic acid (SA) biosynthesis. However, other mechanisms through which SmNAC regulates BW resistance remain unknown. Here, we identified an interaction factor, SmDDA1b, encoding a substrate receptor for E3 ubiquitin ligase, from the eggplant cDNA library using SmNAC as bait. SmDDA1b expression was promoted by R. solanacearum inoculation and exogenous SA treatment. The virus-induced gene silencing of the SmDDA1b suppressed the BW resistance of eggplants; SmDDA1b overexpression enhanced the BW resistance of tomato plants. SmDDA1b positively regulates BW resistance by inhibiting the spread of R. solanacearum within plants. The SA content and the SA biosynthesis gene ICS1 and signaling pathway genes decreased in the SmDDA1b-silenced plants but increased in SmDDA1b-overexpression plants. Moreover, SmDDB1 protein showed interaction with SmCUL4 and SmDDA1b and protein degradation experiments indicated that SmDDA1b reduced SmNAC protein levels through proteasome degradation. Furthermore, SmNAC could directly bind the SmDDA1b promoter and repress its transcription. Thus, SmDDA1b is a novel regulator functioning in BW resistance of solanaceous crops via the SmNAC-mediated SA pathway. Those results also revealed a negative feedback loop between SmDDA1b and SmNAC controlling BW resistance.