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Review Article|17 Nov 2023|OPEN
LncRNAs exert indispensable roles in orchestrating the interaction among diverse noncoding RNAs and enrich the regulatory network of plant growth and its adaptive environmental stress response 
Lingling Zhang1 , Tao Lin2 , Guoning Zhu1 , Bin Wu3 , Chunjiao Zhang4 , and Hongliang Zhu,1 ,
1College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100083, China
2College of Horticulture, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
3Institute of Agro-products Storage and Processing, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Science, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830091, China
4Supervision, Inspection & Testing Center of Agricultural Products Quality, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100083, China
*Corresponding author. E-mail:,

Horticulture Research 11,
Article number: uhad234 (2024)
Views: 38

Received: 14 Aug 2023
Accepted: 01 Nov 2023
Published online: 17 Nov 2023


With the advent of advanced sequencing technologies, non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are increasingly pivotal and play highly regulated roles in the modulation of diverse aspects of plant growth and stress response. This includes a spectrum of ncRNA classes, ranging from small RNAs to long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Notably, among these, lncRNAs emerge as significant and intricate components within the broader ncRNA regulatory networks. Here, we categorize ncRNAs based on their length and structure into small RNAs, medium-sized ncRNAs, lncRNAs, and circle RNAs. Furthermore, the review delves into the detailed biosynthesis and origin of these ncRNAs. Subsequently, we emphasize the diverse regulatory mechanisms employed by lncRNAs that are located at various gene regions of coding genes, embodying promoters, 5’UTRs, introns, exons, and 3’UTR regions. Furthermore, we elucidate these regulatory modes through one or two concrete examples. Besides, lncRNAs have emerged as novel central components that participate in phase separation processes. Moreover, we illustrate the coordinated regulatory mechanisms among lncRNAs, miRNAs, and siRNAs with a particular emphasis on the central role of lncRNAs in serving as sponges, precursors, spliceosome, stabilization, scaffolds, or interaction factors to bridge interactions with other ncRNAs. The review also sheds light on the intriguing possibility that some ncRNAs may encode functional micropeptides. Therefore, the review underscores the emergent roles of ncRNAs as potent regulatory factors that significantly enrich the regulatory network governing plant growth, development, and responses to environmental stimuli. There are yet-to-be-discovered roles of ncRNAs waiting for us to explore.