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Article|04 May 2023|OPEN
The m6A reader MhYTP2 regulates the stability of its target mRNAs contributing to low nitrogen tolerance in apple (Malus domestica)
Tianli Guo1 , Zehua Yang1 , Ru Bao1 , Xiaomin Fu1 , Na Wang1 , Changhai Liu1 , and Fengwang Ma,1 ,
1State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas/Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Apple, College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
*Corresponding author. E-mail:,

Horticulture Research 10,
Article number: uhad094 (2023)
Views: 135

Received: 11 Feb 2023
Accepted: 26 Apr 2023
Published online: 04 May 2023


Studies have shown that the m6A reader primarily affects genes expression by participating in the regulation of mRNA localization, splicing, degradation, translation, and other metabolic processes. Previously, we discovered that the apple (Malus domestica) m6A reader MhYTP2 bound with and destabilized m6A-modified MdMLO19 mRNA. In addition, it enhanced the translation efficiency of m6A-modified mRNA of MdGDH1L, encoding a glutamate dehydrogenase, which confers resistance to powdery mildew. In this study, we report the function of MhYTP2 in the regulation of resistance to low nitrogen (N). The overexpression of MhYTP2 enhances the resistance of apple to low N. We show that MhYTP2 binds with and stabilizes the mRNAs of MdALN, which participates in the allantoin catabolic process and cellular response to N starvation in apple; MdPIDL, which participates in root hair elongation; MdTTG1, which is involved in the differentiation process of trichomes; and MdATG8A, which is a core participant in the regulation of autophagy. In addition, MhYTP2 accelerates the degradation of MdRHD3 mRNA, which regulates root development. RNA immunoprecipitation-seq and electrophoretic mobility shift assays show that the mRNAs of MdALNMdATG8AMdPIDLMdTTG1, and MdRHD3 are the direct targets of MhYTP2. Overexpressing or knocking down the above genes in MhYTP2 overexpressing plants dismisses the function of MhYTP2 under low N, suggesting the role of MhYTP2 is dependent on those genes. Together, these results demonstrate that MhYTP2 enhances the resistance of apple to N deficiency by affecting the stability of the bound mRNAs.