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Article|04 May 2023|OPEN
PsERF1B-PsMYB10.1-PsbHLH3 module enhances anthocyanin biosynthesis in the flesh-reddening of amber-fleshed plum (cv. Friar) fruit in response to cold storage
Ranran Xu1 , Yubei Wang1 , Limin Wang2 , Zhilei Zhao3 , Jiankang Cao1 , , Daqi Fu1 and Weibo Jiang,1
1College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2School of Chemical Engineering & Food Science, Zhengzhou University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450044, China
3College of Quality and Technical Supervision, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

Horticulture Research 10,
Article number: uhad091 (2023)
Views: 202

Received: 30 Jan 2023
Accepted: 25 Apr 2023
Published online: 04 May 2023


Flesh-reddening usually occurs in the amber-fleshed plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) fruit during cold storage but not during ambient storage direct after harvest. It is not clear how postharvest cold signal is mediated to regulate the anthocyanin biosynthesis in the forming of flesh-reddening yet. In this study, anthocyanins dramatically accumulated and ethylene produced in the ‘Friar’ plums during cold storage, in comparison with plums directly stored at ambient temperature. Expression of genes associated with anthocyanin biosynthesis, as well as transcription factors of PsMYB10.1PsbHLH3, and PsERF1B were strongly stimulated to upregulated in the plums in the period of cold storage. Suppression of ethylene act with 1-methylcyclopropene greatly suppressed flesh-reddening and downregulated the expression of these genes. Transient overexpression and virus-induced gene silencing assays in plum flesh indicated that PsMYB10.1 encodes a positive regulator of anthocyanin accumulation. The transient overexpression of PsERF1B, coupled with PsMYB10.1 and PsbHLH3, could further prompt the anthocyanin biosynthesis in a tobacco leaf system. Results from yeast two-hybrid and luciferase complementation assays verified that PsERF1B directly interacted with PsMYB10.1. PsERF1B and PsMYB10.1 enhanced the activity of the promoter of PsUFGT individually, and the enhancement was prompted by the co-action of PsERF1B and PsMYB10.1. Overall, the stimulation of the PsERF1B-PsMYB10.1-PsbHLH3 module mediated cold signal in the transcriptomic supervision of the anthocyanin biosynthesis in the ‘Friar’ plums. The results thereby revealed the underlying mechanism of the postharvest alteration of the flesh phenotype of ‘Friar’ plums subjected to low temperature.