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Article|22 Jul 2022|OPEN
Enhanced volatile emissions and anti-herbivore functions mediated by the synergism between jasmonic acid and salicylic acid pathways in tea plants 
Long Jiao1 , Lei Bian1 , Zongxiu Luo1 , Zhaoqun Li1 , Chunli Xiu1 , Nanxia Fu1 , Xiaoming Cai1 , and Zongmao Chen,1 ,
1Key Laboratory of Tea Biology and Resource Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Hangzhou 310008, China
*Corresponding author. E-mail:,

Horticulture Research 9,
Article number: uhac144 (2022)
Views: 277

Received: 03 Feb 2022
Accepted: 19 Jun 2022
Published online: 22 Jul 2022


The interaction between jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA) pathways, which affects plant stress resistance, is mainly considered to be antagonistic. Using an established theoretical model, we investigated how tea plant (Camellia sinensis) volatiles induced by exogenous elicitors of the JA and SA pathways are affected by the sequence of elicitor application, elicitor identity, and the applied concentrations. We also examined the effects of the volatiles mediated by the JA–SA synergistic interaction on the behaviors of a tea leaf-chewing herbivore (Ectropis grisescens) and its parasitic wasp (Apanteles sp.). The JA and SA pathway interactions were almost always reciprocally synergistic when the two pathways were elicited at different times, except at high JA elicitor concentrations. However, the JA pathway antagonized the SA pathway when they were elicited simultaneously. The elicitor identity affected the degree of JA–SA interaction. The volatiles induced by the JA pathway in the JA–SA reciprocal synergism treatments included up to 11 additional compounds and the total amount of volatiles was up to 7.9-fold higher. Similarly, the amount of emitted volatiles induced by the SA pathway in the reciprocal synergism treatments increased by up to 4.2-fold. Compared with the volatiles induced by either pathway, the enriched volatiles induced by the JA–SA reciprocal synergism similarly repelled E. grisescens, but attracted Apanteles sp. more strongly. Thus, non-simultaneous activation is important for optimizing the JA–SA reciprocal synergism. This reciprocal synergism enables plants to induce multifarious responses, leading to increased biotic stress resistance.