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Article|11 Apr 2022|OPEN
Origin, evolution, breeding, and omics of Apiaceae: a family of vegetables and medicinal plants
Xiao-Jing Wang1 , Qing Luo2 , Tong Li3 , Ping-Hong Meng2 , Yu-Ting Pu1 , Jie-Xia Liu3 , Jian Zhang4 , Hui Liu3 , Guo-Fei Tan2 , and Ai-Sheng Xiong,3 ,
1Key laboratory of Plant Resource Conservation and Germplasm Innovation in Mountainous Region (Ministry of Education), Guizhou University, Guizhou 550025, China
2Institute of Horticulture, Guizhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guizhou 550006, China
3State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Key Laboratory of Biology and Germplasm Enhancement of Horticultural Crops in East China, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
4College of Agronomy, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 210095, China
*Corresponding author. E-mail: tagfei@foxmail.com,xiongaisheng@njau.edu.cn

Horticulture Research 9,
Article number: uhac076 (2022)
doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/hr/uhac076
Views: 18

Received: 09 Dec 2021
Accepted: 17 Mar 2022
Published online: 11 Apr 2022

Abstract

Many of the world’s most important vegetables and medicinal crops, including carrot, celery, coriander, fennel, and cumin, belong to the Apiaceae family. In this review, we summarize the complex origins of Apiaceae and the current state of research on the family, including traditional and molecular breeding practices, bioactive compounds, medicinal applications, nanotechnology, and omics research. Numerous molecular markers, regulatory factors, and functional genes have been discovered, studied, and applied to improve vegetable and medicinal crops in Apiaceae. In addition, current trends in Apiaceae application and research are also briefly described, including mining new functional genes and metabolites using omics research, identifying new genetic variants associated with important agronomic traits by population genetics analysis and GWAS, applying genetic transformation, the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system, and nanotechnology. This review provides a reference for basic and applied research on Apiaceae vegetable and medicinal plants.