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Article|19 Jan 2022|OPEN
Cucurbitaceae genome evolution, gene function, and molecular breeding
Lili Ma1,2 ,† , Qing Wang1 ,† , Yanyan Zheng1 ,† , Jing Guo3 , Shuzhi Yuan1 , Anzhen Fu1 , Chunmei Bai1 , Xiaoyan Zhao1 , Shufang Zheng1 , Changlong Wen1 , Shaogui Guo1 , Lipu Gao1 , , Donald Grierson4 and Jinhua Zuo1 , , Yong Xu,1 ,
1Key Laboratory of Vegetable Postharvest Processing, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing Key Laboratory of Fruits and Vegetable Storage and Processing, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops (North China) of Ministry of Agriculture, Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture (North) of Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing Vegetable Research Center, Institute of Agro-Products Processing and Food Nutrition, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China
2Department of Food Biotechnology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
3Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Biodiversity Sciences and Ecological Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Sciences and Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 2005 Songhu Road, Shanghai 200438, China
4School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
*Corresponding author. E-mail:,,
Lili Ma and Qing Wang,Yanyan Zheng contributed equally to the study.

Horticulture Research 9,
Article number: uhab057 (2022)
Views: 199

Received: 24 Aug 2021
Accepted: 28 Oct 2021
Published online: 19 Jan 2022


Cucurbitaceae is one of the most genetically diverse plant families in the world. Many of them are important vegetables or medicinal plants and are widely distributed worldwide. The rapid development of sequencing technologies and bioinformatic algorithms has enabled the generation of genome sequences of numerous important Cucurbitaceae species. This has greatly facilitated research on gene identification, genome evolution, genetic variation, and molecular breeding of cucurbit crops. So far, genome sequences of 18 different cucurbit species belonging to tribes Benincaseae, Cucurbiteae, Sicyoeae, Momordiceae, and Siraitieae have been deciphered. This review summarizes the genome sequence information, evolutionary relationships, and functional genes associated with important agronomic traits (e.g. fruit quality). The progress of molecular breeding in cucurbit crops and prospects for future applications of Cucurbitaceae genome information are also discussed.