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Article|19 Jan 2022|OPEN
Insertion of a mMoshan transposable element in PpLMI1, is associated with the absence or globose phenotype of extrafloral nectaries in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Patrick Lambert1 , , Carole Confolent1,2 , Laure Heurtevin1 , Naïma Dlalah1 , Véronique Signoret1 and Bénédicte Quilot-Turion1 , Thierry Pascal,1
1INRAE, GAFL, Montfavet, F-84143, FRANCE
2INRAE, UMR GDEC, Clermont-Ferrand, F-63100, FRANCE
*Corresponding author. E-mail: patrick.lambert.ugaf l@inrae.fr

Horticulture Research 9,
Article number: uhab044 (2022)
doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/hr/uhab044
Views: 23

Received: 18 Dec 2020
Revised: 14 Aug 2021
Accepted: 17 Sep 2021
Published online: 19 Jan 2022

Abstract

Most commercial peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] cultivars have leaves with extrafloral nectaries (EFNs). Breeders have selected this character over time, as they observed that the eglandular phenotype resulted in high susceptibility to peach powdery mildew, a major disease of peach trees. EFNs are controlled by a Mendelian locus (E), mapped on chromosome 7. However, the genetic factor underlying E was unknown. In order to address this point, we developed a mapping population of 833 individuals derived from the selfing of “Malo Konare”, a Bulgarian peach cultivar, heterozygous for the trait. This progeny was used to investigate the E-locus region, along with additional resources including peach genomic resequencing data, and 271 individuals from various origins used for validation. High-resolution mapping delimited a 40.6 kbp interval including the E-locus and four genes. Moreover, three double-recombinants allowed identifying Prupe.7G121100, a LMI1-like homeodomain leucine zipper (HD-Zip) transcription factor, as a likely candidate for the trait. By comparing peach genomic resequencing data from individuals with contrasted phenotypes, a MITE-like transposable element of the hAT superfamily (mMoshan) was identified in the third exon of Prupe.7G121100. It was associated with the absence or globose phenotype of EFNs. The insertion of the transposon was positively correlated with enhanced expression of Prupe.7G121100. Furthermore, a PCR marker designed from the sequence-variants, allowed to properly assign the phenotypes of all the individuals studied. These findings provide valuable information on the genetic control of a trait poorly known so far although selected for a long time in peach.