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Article|01 Jun 2021|OPEN
The SOC1-like gene BoMADS50 is associated with the flowering of Bambusa oldhamii
Dan Hou1, Ling Li1, Tengfei Ma1, Jialong Pei1, Zhongyu Zhao1, Mengzhu Lu1, Aimin Wu2,3 & Xinchun Lin1,
1State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture, Zhejiang A & F University, Lin’an, 311300 Hangzhou, China
2Guangdong Key Laboratory for Innovative Development and Utilization of Forest Plant Germplasm, College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, South China Agricultural University, 510642 Guangzhou, China
3State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agrobioresources, South China Agricultural University, 510642 Guangzhou, China

Horticulture Research 8,
Article number: 133 (2021)
doi: 10.1038/hortres.2021.133
Views: 184

Received: 15 Aug 2020
Revised: 16 Mar 2021
Accepted: 26 Mar 2021
Published online: 01 Jun 2021

Abstract

Bamboo is known for its edible shoots and beautiful texture and has considerable economic and ornamental value. Unique among traditional flowering plants, many bamboo plants undergo extensive synchronized flowering followed by large-scale death, seriously affecting the productivity and application of bamboo forests. To date, the molecular mechanism of bamboo flowering characteristics has remained unknown. In this study, a SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS1 (SOC1)-like gene, BoMADS50, was identified from Bambusa oldhamii. BoMADS50 was highly expressed in mature leaves and the floral primordium formation period during B. oldhamii flowering and overexpression of BoMADS50 caused early flowering in transgenic rice. Moreover, BoMADS50 could interact with APETALA1/FRUITFULL (AP1/FUL)-like proteins (BoMADS14-1/2, BoMADS15-1/2) in vivo, and the expression of BoMADS50 was significantly promoted by BoMADS14-1, further indicating a synergistic effect between BoMADS50 and BoAP1/FUL-like proteins in regulating B. oldhamii flowering. We also identified four additional transcripts of BoMADS50 (BoMADS50-1/2/3/4) with different nucleotide variations. Although the protein-CDS were polymorphic, they had flowering activation functions similar to those of BoMADS50. Yeast one-hybrid and transient expression assays subsequently showed that both BoMADS50 and BoMADS50-1 bind to the promoter fragment of itself and the SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP)-like gene BoSVP, but only BoMADS50-1 can positively induce their transcription. Therefore, nucleotide variations likely endow BoMADS50-1 with strong regulatory activity. Thus, BoMADS50 and BoMADS50-1/2/3/4 are probably important positive flowering regulators in B. oldhamii. Moreover, the functional conservatism and specificity of BoMADS50 and BoMADS50-1 might be related to the synchronized and sporadic flowering characteristics of B. oldhamii.