Received: 07 May 2020 Revised: 30 Oct 2020 Accepted: 20 Nov 2020 Published online: 04 Mar 2021
In plants and algae, PGR5-dependent cyclic electron flow (CEF) is an important regulator of acclimation to fluctuating environments, but how PGR5 participates in CEF is unclear. In this work, we analyzed two PGR5s in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) under different conditions and found that CsPGR5a played the dominant role in PGR5-dependent CEF. The results of yeast two-hybrid, biomolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC), blue native PAGE, and coimmunoprecipitation (CoIP) assays showed that PGR5a interacted with PetC, Lhcb3, and PsaH. Furthermore, the intensity of the interactions was dynamic during state transitions, and the abundance of PGR5 attached to cyt b6f decreased during the transition from state 1 to state 2, which revealed that the function of PGR5a is related to the state transition. We proposed that PGR5 is a small mobile protein that functions when attached to protein complexes.