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Article|01 Jan 2021|OPEN
Defining the ‘HoneySweet’ insertion event utilizing NextGen sequencing and a de novo genome assembly of plum (Prunus domestica)
Ann M. Callahan1, Tetyana N. Zhebentyayeva2, Jodi L. Humann3, Christopher A. Saski4, Kelsey D. Galimba1, Laura L. Georgi5, Ralph Scorza1, Dorrie Main4 & Christopher D. Dardick1,
1USDA-ARS, Appalachian Fruit Research Station, Kearneysville, WV, 25430, USA
2The Schatz Center for Tree Molecular Genetics, Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA
3Department of Horticulture, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 99164, USA
4Plant and Environmental Sciences Department, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 29634, USA
5Department of Genetics and Biochemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 29634, USA

Horticulture Research 8,
Article number: 8 (2021)
doi: 10.1038/hortres.2021.8
Views: 346

Received: 30 Sep 2020
Revised: 30 Sep 2020
Accepted: 08 Oct 2020
Published online: 01 Jan 2021


‘HoneySweet’ plum (Prunus domestica) is resistant to Plum pox potyvirus, through an RNAi-triggered mechanism. Determining the precise nature of the transgene insertion event has been complicated due to the hexaploid genome of plum. DNA blots previously indicated an unintended hairpin arrangement of the Plum pox potyvirus coat protein gene as well as a multicopy insertion event. To confirm the transgene arrangement of the insertion event, ‘HoneySweet’ DNA was subjected to whole genome sequencing using Illumina short-read technology. Results indicated two different insertion events, one containing seven partial copies flanked by putative plum DNA sequence and a second with the predicted inverted repeat of the coat protein gene driven by a double 35S promoter on each side, flanked by plum DNA. To determine the locations of the two transgene insertions, a phased plum genome assembly was developed from the commercial plum ‘Improved French’. A subset of the scaffolds (2447) that were >10 kb in length and representing, >95% of the genome were annotated and used for alignment against the ‘HoneySweet’ transgene reads. Four of eight matching scaffolds spanned both insertion sites ranging from 157,704 to 654,883 bp apart, however we were unable to identify which scaffold(s) represented the actual location of the insertion sites due to potential sequence differences between the two plum cultivars. Regardless, there was no evidence of any gene(s) being interrupted as a result of the insertions. Furthermore, RNA-seq data verified that the insertions created no new transcriptional units and no dramatic expression changes of neighboring genes.