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Article|01 Jun 2020|OPEN
Dissecting the genome of star fruit (Averrhoa carambola L.)
Yannan Fan1, Sunil Kumar Sahu1, Ting Yang1, Weixue Mu1, Jinpu Wei1, Le Cheng2, Jinlong Yang2, Ranchang Mu3, Jie Liu3, Jianming Zhao3, Yuxian Zhao4, Xun Xu1,5, Xin Liu1,6 & Huan Liu1,7,
1State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genomics, China National GeneBank, BGI-Shenzhen, 518120, Shenzhen, China
2BGI-Yunnan, BGI-Shenzhen, 650106, Kunming, China
3Forestry Bureau of Ruili, Yunnan Dehong, 678600, Ruili, China
4Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, China
5Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Genome Read and Write, 518120, Shenzhen, China
6BGI-Fuyang, BGI-Shenzhen, 236009, Fuyang, China
7Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

Horticulture Research 7,
Article number: 94 (2020)
doi: 10.1038/hortres.2020.94
Views: 558

Received: 16 Nov 2019
Revised: 03 Jan 2020
Accepted: 14 Feb 2020
Published online: 01 Jun 2020

Abstract

Averrhoa carambola is commonly known as star fruit because of its peculiar shape, and its fruit is a rich source of minerals and vitamins. It is also used in traditional medicines in countries such as India, China, the Philippines, and Brazil for treating various ailments, including fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and skin disease. Here, we present the first draft genome of the Oxalidaceae family, with an assembled genome size of 470.51 Mb. In total, 24,726 protein-coding genes were identified, and 16,490 genes were annotated using various well-known databases. The phylogenomic analysis confirmed the evolutionary position of the Oxalidaceae family. Based on the gene functional annotations, we also identified enzymes that may be involved in important nutritional pathways in the star fruit genome. Overall, the data from this first sequenced genome in the Oxalidaceae family provide an essential resource for nutritional, medicinal, and cultivational studies of the economically important star-fruit plant.