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Article|01 Mar 2018|OPEN
Divergence in the transcriptional landscape between low temperature and freeze shock in cultivated grapevine (Vitis vinifera)
Jason P. Londo1,2, Alisson P. Kovaleski2 & Jacquelyn A. Lillis3,1,
1United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Grape Genetics Research Unit, 630 W. North Street, Geneva, NY, USA
2School of Integrative Plant Science, Horticulture section, Cornell University-New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, 630 W. North Street, Geneva, NY, USA
3Genomics Research Center, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA

Horticulture Research 5,
Article number: 10 (2018)
doi: 10.1038/hortres.2018.10
Views: 616

Received: 22 Sep 2017
Revised: 02 Jan 2018
Accepted: 11 Jan 2018
Published online: 01 Mar 2018

Abstract

Low-temperature stresses limit the sustainability and productivity of grapevines when early spring frosts damage young grapevine leaves. Spring conditions often expose grapevines to low, but not damaging, chilling temperatures and these temperatures have been shown to increase freeze resistance in other model systems. In this study, we examined whole-transcriptome gene expression patterns of young leaf tissue from cuttings of five different grapevine cultivars, exposed to chill and freeze shock, in order to understand the underlying transcriptional landscape associated with cold stress response. No visible damage was observed when grapevine leaves were exposed to chilling temperatures while freeze temperatures resulted in variable damage in all cultivars. Significant differences in gene expression were observed between warm control conditions and all types of cold stress. Exposure to chill stress (4 °C) versus freezing stress (−3 °C) resulted in very different patterns of gene expression and enriched pathway responses. Genes from the ethylene signaling, ABA signaling, the AP2/ERF, WRKY, and NAC transcription factor families, and starch/sucrose/galactose pathways were among the most commonly observed to be differentially regulated. Preconditioning leaves to chill temperatures prior to freezing temperatures resulted in slight buffering of gene expression responses, suggesting that differences between chill and freeze shock perception complicates identification of candidate genes for cold resistance in grapevine. Overall, the transcriptional landscape contrasts observed between low temperature and freezing stresses demonstrate very different activation of candidate pathways impacting grapevine cold response.